(Prepared by Nevşehir Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism in 2017)
Today, Cappadocia is the name given to the region which emerged in the end of volcanic phenomena and distinct from its surroundings with its nature. The region comprises Nevşehir, Aksaray, Niğde, Kayseri and Kırşehir provinces. In the centre is situated Nevşehir province.
Adding sound to the unique natural formations which came to existence by nature’s and human being’s harmonic work, its architectural pattern and cultural background adorn Nevşehir allowing a warm and modest life style at the same time. In the end, situated in the centre of Cappadocia, Nevşehir province can be assumed to be the representative of the region.
Cappadocia, with its natural, cultural, architectural assets and also with the variety of prevailing life styles offers the cinema and related sections numerous alternatives including fabulous, laughable, realistic or grotesque ones.
There are 3 prevalent arguments about the origin of the region’s name, Cappadocia. One of them is that the region, being the “home of beautiful horses,” Persians called here “Katpatuka”. According to another view the region was named after a branch of Kızılırmak river. The third prevailent argument is that here is named Cappadocia so as to mean “home of Hepat” who was the mother Goddess of Hittites.
The recorded history of Cappadocia begins with Hittites. The region having housed Assyrian tradeship colonies and being situated on the route of Silk Road continues bridging civilisations.
- Museums and Historical Buildings
-Hacı Bektaş Veli Mausoleum
-Home of Atatürk (Hacıbektaş)
- Damat İbrahim Paşa Complex (Nevşehir)
- Kurşunlu Mosque (Nevşehir)
- Culture Museum (Ortahisar)
- Doll Museum (Mustafapaşa)
- Güray Museum (Avanos)
- Archaelogical Sites
- Açıksaray Archaelogical Site (Gülşehir)
- Göreme Archaelogical Site
- The old settlement of Çavuşin village
- Zelve- Paşabağları Archaelogical Site
- Golgoli Archaelogical Site
- Sobesos Ancient Site
-The rock cut castles in Uçhisar and Ortahisar
- Churches and Underground Cities
The remnants of first Christians which you will come across in the valleys of Cappadocia display the most interesting clues about life. The churches carved into rocks, monastic complexes and underground cities, although dated back to earlier ages being marked by the first Christians, make our province a centre of attraction with regards to faith tourism.
Today, it is thought that there are more than 1000 churches in Cappadocia region most of which are chapels carved into rocks. The inner site construction, architecture, artistic arrangements and decoration of the churches display folk art and Byzantine wall painting art together.
Furhermore, approximately 300 underground cities with a variety of dimensions form the most interesting examples of alternative living spaces in this region. These underground cities with their ventilation systems, tunnels, security measures, water wells on the ground floor, and space arrangements for daily life, still amaze their visitors. The underground cities which are open to visit are the ones in Kaymaklı, Derinkuyu, Mazı, Tatlarin and Özkonak.
-TV Series Shooting Locations
-Underground Storages For Lemon And Potato
-Kızılırmak River (Avanos)
-Pottery Workshops (Avanos)
Another feature of Cappadocia is its being the host of many movies and film series. Considering 20 foreign movies, 5 foreign TV films, 35 domestic movies, 11 domestic TV series and 15 documentaries, it’s no exaggeration to say that Cappadocia is a natural plateau for shooting in Turkey.
It is Cappadocia who provided location for the movie “Medea” directed by Pier Pasolini and for the movie “Dünyayı Kurtaran Adam” directed by Çetin İnanç, as well. Foreign actors/ actresses such as Nicholas Cage, Jean Reno, Ömer Şerif, Tony Curtis, Charles Branson, Ane Belen and domestic actors/ actresses such as Fikret Hakan, Yılmaz Güney, Fatma Girik, Türkan Şoray, Kadir İnanır, Hülya Koçyiğit, Tarık Akan, Kemal Sunal and Cüneyt Arkın are among those who passed through our region. It is Cappadocia who furnishes the scenes of “Acı” and “Ağıt” directed by Yılmaz Güney, “Kış Uykusu” directed by Nuri Bilge Ceylan and “Cenneti Beklerken” directed by Derviş Zaim. Among the films shot in Cappadocia are “Kurtlar İmparatorluğu/ L’Empire des Loups” performed by Jean RENO and Jocelyn Quivrin in 2008, “Hayalet Sürücü/ Ghost Rider” performed by Nicholas Cage and Eva Mendes in 2011, and the TV series “Salve de Jorge” which is followed by wide audience in Brasil in the last years. In the year of 2016 while domestic movies “Vezir Parmağı” and “I LoveYou 2” were being filmed here, the final part of Pyatnitsa Patsanki quiz show from Russia and Russia Channel, ICTV television from Ukraina were filmed here.
It is thought by scientists that the interesting formations in the region began to take shape, 10 million years ago, as a result of caldera eruptions. The present form of the rocks called ignimbrite is supposed to have taken shape in course of time as a result of numerous natural events such as volcanic eruptions, floods and lakes’ being filled in with tufa.
Vine cultivation is on the top of agricultural activities. Emir grapes are of the highest quality among the grapes used for making wine. Apart from that, Dimrit, Parmak Üzümü and Kalecik Karası are of the grapes cultivated in here. Grape is used for making pekmez as it is used for making wine. And making pekmez in traditional ways is continued in all the villages and towns.
Another agricultural product that is cultivated in Nevşehir is pumpkin seed. Being roasted in stone ovens it gains a flavour tasted in nowhere else.
Towards South, Niğde, potato cultivation becomes dominant in agricultural activities. And Nevşehir is on the front when compared to the other provinces of Turkey in producing white beans.
Besides, almond gardens, walnut trees and apricot trees are among the daily life occupations of the people of Nevşehir more or less interested in agricultural activities.
The population of Nevşehir province according to the data obtained in the year of 2016 is 290.895. It is tourism sector that plays determining role for the distribution of population throughout the province in general. Economic life in Nevşehir is dependent firstly on tourism sector and then secondly on agricultural activities. Additionally, pumice used by many branches of industry for example when producing isolation materials, briquette, denim sandblasting etc. is a part of economy in this region.
Tourism sector playing a very dominant role on economic and social life causes the population to intesify in the triangle between Uçhisar, Avanos and Ürgüp.
Nevşehir is a province allowing both domestic and overseas immigrants. The immigrants rather easily adapted to the social life in Nevşehir thanks to the hospitality and humanitarianism of the people in Nevşehir province.
Having two universities in the province allows a young and dynamic population.
Additionally, the attention drawing feature in here with regards to human being is knitted rural-civic, taditional-modern living styles.
Nevşehir, situated in the centre of Turkey and on the route of Silk Road in other words being a bridge between east and west, and between north and south has been home for many civilisations. Thus, many people having different origins met and got knitted in here to build up the modern Turkish personality of modern Republic.
After Lausanne Peace Treaty due to the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, while the muslims were made migrate from Greece and Macedonia to Turkey, Christians were made migrate to Greece. In Nevşehir, Mustafapaşa (Sinasos) village draws attention as a settlement exchanging most of its population in those years.
Following the arrival of Islam in Anatolia, Cappadocia became home for several famous Muslim scholars. Islamic Sufî Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli settled in Hacıbektaş county of Nevşehir in the 13th century and Hacıbektaş Museum also being the location of Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli’s mausoleum is the most tangible heritage left from him. Hacı Bektaş-ı Veli, providing Turkish unity in Anatolia, created his philosophy to base on the principles of humanity, toleration, solidarity and social equality which has the same essence with the principles of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
International commemoration ceremonies are organized every year to keep his philosophy alive.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER CONDITION
Nevşehir has a continental climate. The climate becomes smoother along the coasts of Kızılırmak river, along the coasts of artificial dam lakes, and in lower settlements. The formations in here display varied beauties, colours and other features of cinematography under snow, sun or rain. Valleys of Cappadocia do not raise difficulties for their hikers and can be hiked in anytime with the guidance of professionals who are well informed about the seasonal conditions of the valleys.
EXTREME MAXIMUM, MINIMUM AND AVERAGE TEMPERATURES MEASURED IN LONG PERİOD (°C)
YEARLY PRECİPATITION (KG/M2)
NEVŞEHİR DIRECTORATE OF METEOROLOGY, EXTREME TEMPERATURES BY MONTHS
MAXIMUM PRECİPATITION (KG/M2)
Kapadokya Airport is in Tuzköy town and is 30 km away from the centre of the Province. Besides, Erkilet Airport in Kayseri is 85km from Nevşehir and offers different options for those who want to come to Kapadokya by air.
Situated at the very centre of Turkey, Nevşehir is easily accessible from anywhere in Turkey.
KARAKAYA, M.(Prepared by). (2014) Kapadokya Doğal Film Platosu. Ankara: Öncü.
KORAT, Gürsel, Taş Kapıdan Taç Kapıya: Kapadokya, 1. Baskı, İletişim Yayınları, İstanbul, 2003.
UMAR, B, Kappadokia: Bir Tarihsel Coğrafya Araştırması ve Gezi Rehberi,İnkılâp Kitabevi, İstanbul, 2008.
http://nevsehir.gov.tr/ilimiz-rehberi (August 2017).
https://www.mgm.gov.tr/ (August 2017)
http://nero.org.tr/ (August 2017)